Roland Berger seeks steel plant site in Dharwad, India

27 August 2015 Consultancy.uk

As part of its further expansion, the global steel titan Arcelor-Mittal has signed a memorandum of understanding with the Steel Authority of India to construct a ‘Cold Rolling Mill Downstream Finishing Facility’. Roland Berger, Arcelor-Mittal’s technical advisor, is on the lookout for a suitable location for the new plant, which will have a production capacity of 1.5 lakh tonnes (150,000 tons) and cost Rs 5,000 crore ($782 million).

In a bid to find a site for the giant steel plant, Prathamesh Choudhary and Juben Sarkar from strategy consulting firm Roland Berger – contacted the Karnataka Chamber of Commerce and Industry (KCCI) to find a suitable location in the vast Indian landscape that provides both the infrastructure needs as well as proximity to an automotive cluster that represents demand.

Roland-Berger-seeks-steel-plant-site-Arcelor-Mittal

“For setting up the steel plant, Arcelor-Mittal requires 300 acres of land in a rectangular shape. We have informed the consultancy about the availability of land belonging to the KIADB near Mummigatti in Dharwad and at Gamanagatti Industrial Area second stage near Hubballi,” states Vasant Ladawa, KCCI President.

Although the around 1.3 km by 0.7 km piece of land required for the project is potentially available – in the vicinity of Tata Motors, Tata Marcopolo, Tata Telcon and various small automotive companies – several issues remain surrounding the government’s commitment to introducing heavy industry to the area. As it stands, the local government has delayed providing information about the land availability, soil strength, and water quality, among others. 

“We urged the government to take the issue seriously and to ensure there’s no repetition of the case of Hero Motocorp, which we lost. This steel plant will boost the development of the Mumbai-Karnataka region. The Chief Minister has instructed Industries and Commerce Department Commissioner Gourav Gupta to take suitable steps,” adds Ladawa.

Steel plant

Chief Minister and Industries Minister state however, that one of the reasons for a delayed response appears to be that the no proposal for setting up the plant in the Dharwad region has been received. Even though no such formal proposal has been received, the local government has been informed according to Ladawa: “A KCCI delegation met Chief Minister Siddaramaiah and District in-charge Minister Dinesh Gundu Rao in Bengaluru on June 24 to apprise them of the matter. Additional Chief Secretary (Industries) Ratnaprabha K. too was apprised of it. During the Belagavi session, we met Mr. Gundu Rao again to stress the need for taking forward the process.” 

The breakdown of communications has led to a ‘communications gap’ with as a result, a continued concern that – with no informal interest shown – the project might be moved to another region unless all parties are able to bring themselves to the same page and formally investigate the merits and disadvantages of such a project for the region.

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UK manufacturing sees orders slow amid Brexit anxiety

11 April 2019 Consultancy.uk

Manufacturing in the UK saw negative growth for the end of 2018, reflecting a wider slowdown in the UK economy to 0.2% for the quarter, followed by three months at the start of 2019 which saw continued softening in orders. With uncertainty still hitting the sector ahead of Brexit’s deferred deadline, the industry faces a difficult 2019.

Despite a perpetually changing economic landscape, manufacturing remains a keystone industry in the UK. Optimism in the industry has been riding high in recent years, reflecting the perceived potential of automotive technologies, but last year saw a slight dip in business performance, ahead of what seems set to be a turbulent period for British manufacturing. Ordinarily, the sector might have expected to recover its footing relatively quickly, but with the looming spectre of Brexit making the economy’s future completely uncertain, this has not been the case.

The uncertainties of Brexit have continued to create headaches for companies on both sides of the channel. As contingency planning continues, new analysis from BDO and the Make UK explores how manufacturing – a segment likely to be hard hit by Brexit – has fared in the final quarter of 2018.

Output balance stable

Manufacturing remains a key industry in the UK, generating around 10% of total economic output and supporting around 2.7 million jobs. Yet while the industry has seen a number of years of strong optimism as well as demand, Brexit is set to throw a spanner in the works, with a range of manufacturing companies leaving the UK, or considering it. Indeed, UK manufacturing’s output currently sits at a 15-month low as the industry anticipates a cliff edge Brexit.

In terms of growth for various parts of the UK economy, a slowdown was noted in the final quarter of 2018 compared to Q4 2017. Manufacturing, in particular, saw growth declines coming in at almost -1%, with a similar trend in production. Construction saw a sharp contraction, falling 2 percentage points to below 0% growth in December 2018. Only services managed to have positive % growth in the final quarter. The final quarter as a whole saw growth of 0.2% in the UK economy – the lowest level in six years.

Output across most sectors in the industry remains positive, with the percentage balance of change in output at 22%. The result is the tension quarter of positive percentage balance of change, with stagnation on the final quarter of 2018. The firm is projecting a slight softening of output going into Q2 2019. The firm notes that there is some stockpiling taking place, with orders and outputs unaligned going into 2019.

Order balance remains positive but dips further

While there is a broadly positive picture for output, the firm does note considerable differences between subsectors. Basic metals for instance, saw a net 24% fall to -18% over the past three months. Metal production is also seeing relatively poor performance as demand from the automotive industry enters a period of acute uncertainty. However, most industries are to see improved output on balance, with rubber & plastic increasing from a net 11% to net 56%.

Export trade

Having been buoyed by the lowered value of the pound, UK export orders are up slightly on the previous quarter, but remain well below the most recent peak in Q3 2018. Domestic orders were relatively strong, with a year between the most recent peaks for the segment. However, Q2 2019 looks to see domestic orders fall sharply, to half Q1’s result, while export orders too are set to see declines.

The decline reflects a decrease in basic metals, possibly a reflection of changes affecting the auto industry. Meanwhile, export orders are down due to Brexit cross-border uncertainty – the effect of the sterling devaluation unable to continue to buoy the market. Basic metals and metal products are both in negative territory for the coming three months.

Investment and employment intentions

UK employment figures reached new milestones, with total unemployment down to 3.9% while participation rates hit record highs. Employment planning continues to be in net positive territory, with a net positive balance of 22% in Q1 2019. The coming months are projected to see a slight dip, again, largely resultant from uncertainties around Brexit. Basic metals is the sector most likely to see a negative trend, reflecting the expected decline in orders.

Investment intentions meanwhile continue to be in positive territory. However, again, the now acute uncertainty about Brexit – the UK government has boxed itself into a corner – mean that confidence around investment could wane rapidly.

Commenting on the wider economy, Peter Hemington, a Partner at BDO, said, “Manufacturing firms have been ramping up their preparations for a disorderly Brexit, in large part through the stockpiling of imported goods. This has had the effect of inflating activity levels… It’s too late to do anything about this now.  But a disorderly Brexit would be far worse than the current relatively mild slowdown, possibly disastrously so… We are concerned it looks more likely than ever that we will exit the EU without a deal.”