The 20 most important and busiest airports in the world

21 April 2016

Heathrow is on the sixth spot in the list of the busiest airports in the world. In 2015 around 75 million passengers travelled to, from or via London’s Heathrow airport – around 1.5 million more than in 2014. Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport remains the busiest airport of the globe, and, for the first time, passed the mark of 100 million passengers.

The international aviation industry is growing. Recent research from Cavok, the aviation consulting subsidiary of Oliver Wyman, found that the number of aircraft worldwide will rise by an average of 3.7% per year over the next decade. With the expansion of their fleets, airlines are meeting the growing needs of people from around the world who seek to travel internationally. New figures from the Airports Council International (ACI) shows that last year the top 20 busiest airports in the world transported more than 1.34 billion passengers – an increase of over 5% compared to the previous year.

Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta in the US is by far the busiest airport in the world. In 2015, the airport for the first time surpassed 100 million passengers, and, with a grand total of nearly 101.5 million, more than 5 million higher than the 2014 figure. The airport is an important transit hub for flights because of its central location – according to ACI, 80% of the US population is within a two hour flight radius of Hartsfield. Beijing Capital International Airport, in China, is in second place, with just under 90 million passengers, while Dubai International Airport is in third place, with around 78 million passengers. Since 2014, Dubai International Airport has seen its passenger numbers rise by 7.5 million, representing an increase of over 10%, resulting in a placement jump from sixth place.

The top five is closed by O'Hare Airport in Chicago and Tokyo’s Haneda Airport in Japan. London’s Heathrow Airport is in sixth place, and is the first European airport – facilitating just less than 75 million passengers. In 2014 Heathrow was still in third place, but has since been overtaken by Dubai, Haneda and O'Hare. The only other European airport included in the top 10 is Paris-Charles de Gaulle (#9) with 65.8 million passengers.

Three additional European airports make the top 20. With about 61.3 million passengers Ataturk Airport, in Istanbul, takes the 11th spot, followed by Frankfurt Airport, with 61 million passengers. In 2014 Atatürk was ranked lower than Frankfurt, but is growing much faster than its German rival, up by 8% compared to less than 2.5%. At #13 is Shanghai Pudong, the fastest growing airport in the top 20. Compared to 2014, the Chinese airport welcomed almost 8.5 million more passengers – an increase of over 16%. Schiphol, the airport of the Dutch capital Amsterdam, follows with more than 58 million passengers in fourteenth place.

Besides Dubai, O'Hare and Shanghai, there is another airport in the top 20 list that last year saw double-digit growth in passenger numbers. Savarnabhumi Thailand closes off the top 20, with passenger numbers of almost 53 million – an increase of almost 14% compared to its 46 million passengers in 2014.

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BDO administrates Flybmi amid aviation industry turbulence

21 February 2019

Around 400 jobs in the UK, Germany, Sweden and Belgium have been lost following the collapse of commercial airliner Flybmi. The administration, which will be overseen by professionals from BDO, constitutes the third failure of a commercial carrier since the start of 2019, with the industry having suffered from sustained turbulence for the duration of last year.

The initial 4 a.m. announcement informing customers that Britain’s longest-surviving airline, Monarch, had been placed into administration meant that many passengers arrived at airports only to find their flights cancelled and holiday plans inconvenienced, while many were left with no means of returning to the UK. Beyond the immediate ramifications, however, the collapse of Monarch also drew to a close six years of steady improvement for commercial carriers across the world. 

Since the economic shock of 2011 – an echo of the 2008 financial crisis – the number of commercial airlines falling into administration across the world declined at a relatively consistent rate. According to data from – barring an anomaly of a year which saw only four airlines falter in 2014 – the number of collapses in the sector declined continuously. In 2017, the figure stood at just 10, compared to a huge 46 in 2011, and a  staggering 61 in 2008.

Global number of airlines to have failed since 2005

Following Monarch’s precipitous fall, however, the situation once more seems to have commenced a nose-dive in the following year. 15 airlines failed in 2018, and less than two months into 2019, another three have followed suit. That puts 2019 on pace to reach 24 airline collapses. 

The latest of these firms to spiral into administration is Flybmi, an East Midlands-based airline which until February operated 17 regional jet aircraft on routes to 25 European cities. The company operated more than 600 flights a week from regional airports including Bristol, Newcastle, Aberdeen and the East Midlands.

News of the firm’s demise emerged as it cancelled hundreds of flights at short notice over the space of a single weekend, leaving many passengers stranded and out of pocket. Flybmi advised customers to seek refunds from credit and debit card companies, or to rebook with other airlines, before eventually appointing administrators from professional services firm BDO.

The appointment, initially reported by UK paper The Telegraph, came following a weekend of chaos, with passengers and staff desperate for information, but without an administrator to turn to, as authorities had remained tight-lipped on the matter. The process was reportedly delayed until the following Monday by a Scottish law which prevents insolvency specialists being appointed over the weekend.

Turbulence ahead

Commenting on the task at hand, BDO Business Restructuring Partner and joint administrator Tony Nygate said, “As joint administrators, we are taking all necessary steps to ensure customers, staff and suppliers are supported through the administration process. Our job is to maximise recoveries and minimise distress for all parties, acting as smoothly and swiftly as possible.”

Administrators from the firm now face questions over what preparations were in place prior to the carrier’s collapse, including actions that could have softened the blow for thousands of stranded passengers. Meanwhile, some 376 employees in the UK, Germany, Sweden and Belgium have been made redundant, with the remainder staying to assist with the administration. Unions have since demanded urgent talks with Flybmi’s administrators, with Unite, which represents about 40 of the airline’s 376 staff, calling for a buyer to be found in order to ensure wages are paid in full.

Unite Regional Secretary Paresh Patel told the press, “Unite is shocked and saddened by the news that Flybmi has gone into administration…  This is a terrible blow for the airline’s workforce and their families, as well as the East Midlands economy. We will be giving maximum support to our members who work for the airline across the UK at this very difficult time for them.”

The Brexit process seems to have played a key role in the downfall of Flybmi. Airlines are required by law to purchase carbon credits to offset their carbon emissions – something which until recently was subsidised through a free allocation of credits by European authorities. Now, however, Brussels has excluded UK firms from their allocation of credits ahead of the UK’s divorce from the EU in March, and it is anticipated that this may  well lead to more casualties in both the airline industry, and the broader British economy.

Glen Flannery, a Partner at law firm CMS, told The Telegraph, “The European Commission has started to implement its No Deal Brexit contingency plans. With effect from January 1st, it has temporarily suspended the UK’s free allocation of carbon allowances, auctioning, and the exchange of international credits. This has created a huge amount of uncertainty for UK participants, the full effects of which have yet to play out.”